What Really Happened during the Iran Hostage Crisis?

The Iran hostage crisis, referred to in Persian as تسخیر لانه جاسوسی امریکا (literally “Conquest of the American Spy Den,”), was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days (November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981), after a group of Iranian students supporting the Iranian Revolution took over the American Embassy in Tehran. President Carter called the hostages “victims of terrorism and anarchy,” adding that “the United States will not yield to blackmail.”

Former Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr and Former Reagan-Bush Campaign and White House Staffer Barbara Honegger, attest to the October Surprise.

Gary Sick wrote both an editorial for The New York Times in April of 1990 and a book on the subject.

Sick a retired Naval Captain, served on Ford’s, Carter’s, and Reagan’s National Security Council, held high positions with many prominent organizations, and wrote a recent book on US-Iran relations (All Fall Down). Sick wrote that in October 1980 officials in Ronald Reagan’s presidential campaign made a secret deal with Iran to delay the release of the American hostages until after the election and in return for this, the United States purportedly arranged for Israel to ship weapons to Iran.

Sick had interviewed a witness who saw members of the Reagan election team in Paris in negotiations with the Iranian government. According to Sick, Oliver North was the administration’s scapegoat, taking responsibility to conceal the “treason” of Reagan and Bush.

Former Reagan-Bush Campaign and White House Staffer Barbara Honegger in 1992

One Response to What Really Happened during the Iran Hostage Crisis?

  • Many believe the Iran Hostage Crisis stems from long seated resentment from United States involvement in Iran long before the taking of our hostages. Interestingly, this just came out in the past few days.

    CIA Confirms Role in 1953 Iran Coup
    Documents Provide New Details on Mosaddeq Overthrow and Its Aftermath

    National Security Archive Calls for Release of Remaining Classified Record

    Washington, D.C., August 19, 2013

    Marking the sixtieth anniversary of the overthrow of Iranian Prime Minister Mohammad Mosaddeq, the National Security Archive is today posting recently declassified CIA documents on the United States’ role in the controversial operation. American and British involvement in Mosaddeq’s ouster has long been public knowledge, but today’s posting includes what is believed to be the CIA’s first formal acknowledgement that the agency helped to plan and execute the coup.

    The explicit reference to the CIA’s role appears in a copy of an internal history, The Battle for Iran, dating from the mid-1970s. The agency released a heavily excised version of the account in 1981 in response to an ACLU lawsuit, but it blacked out all references to TPAJAX, the code name for the U.S.-led operation. Those references appear in the latest release. Additional CIA materials posted today include working files from Kermit Roosevelt, the senior CIA officer on the ground in Iran
    during the coup…….

    http://www2.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB435/

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