The Iran hostage crisis, referred to in Persian as تسخیر لانه جاسوسی امریکا (literally “Conquest of the American Spy Den,”), was a diplomatic crisis between Iran and the United States. Fifty-two Americans were held hostage for 444 days (November 4, 1979 to January 20, 1981), after a group of Iranian students supporting the Iranian Revolution took over the American Embassy in Tehran. President Carter called the hostages “victims of terrorism and anarchy,” adding that “the United States will not yield to blackmail.”
Former Iranian President Abolhassan Bani-Sadr and Former Reagan-Bush Campaign and White House Staffer Barbara Honegger, attest to the October Surprise.
Gary Sick wrote both an editorial for The New York Times in April of 1990 and a book on the subject.
Sick a retired Naval Captain, served on Ford’s, Carter’s, and Reagan’s National Security Council, held high positions with many prominent organizations, and wrote a recent book on US-Iran relations (All Fall Down). Sick wrote that in October 1980 officials in Ronald Reagan’s presidential campaign made a secret deal with Iran to delay the release of the American hostages until after the election and in return for this, the United States purportedly arranged for Israel to ship weapons to Iran.
Sick had interviewed a witness who saw members of the Reagan election team in Paris in negotiations with the Iranian government. According to Sick, Oliver North was the administration’s scapegoat, taking responsibility to conceal the “treason” of Reagan and Bush.
Former Reagan-Bush Campaign and White House Staffer Barbara Honegger in 1992